Whether you inherited dark circles from your parents or acquired them in the aging process is important to know how to reduce dark circles, treatments available and what is suitable for you.
What are dark circles?
Sunken eyes, hollows that undermine the youth of your eyes, increased pigmentation in the periorbital sulcus, they all contribute to what we call "dark circles". In the aging process as the elasticity of the skin diminishes, sagging in the periorbital area can increase the intensity of the dark circles and induce wrinkles. Migration of the periorbital fat to lower face compartments leaves behind sagging skin directly on the orbital bone creating hollows under the eyes. Poor lymphatic drainage and herniation of the priorbital fat superficial to the muscle will lead to under eye bags.
How to reduce dark circles?
Increased pigmentation in the periorbital area either due to sun exposure or allergies can be diminished with hydroquinone, kojic acid or vitamin C prescription skin care. Dr. Kerns Skin Care line offers medical grade prescription strength brightening serums and creams like: Vitamin C HQ, Radiant C cream.
IPL or intense pulse light can be used to reduce the melanin cells responsible for the pigmentation of the skin; a series of treatments are recommended every 4 weeks until the pigmentation subsides. Sunscreen SPF 45 or higher is recommended to prevent further increased pigmentation due to sun damage.
Dark Circles as sunken eyes or hollows under eyes can be treated by Dermal Filler injections, Fat injections, PRP (platelet rich plasma) injections. Fillers are an important tool in the battle of how to reduce dark circles. By placing Hyaluronic acid Fillers in the periorbital area an instant filling of the hollows under the eyes corrects or improves the dark circles . When repeated injections are necessary to achieve full correction or if more than 2 syringes of Dermal Filler (either Restylane or Juvederm) are needed to correct dark circles, Fat injections may be recommended. Autologous Fat is the best treatment for dark circles in longevity and regenerative powers. It corrects wrinkles, sunken eyes, poor elasticity. Still wondering how to reduce dark circles when fillers failed, fat is not an option or desired? PRP will use growth factors in platelet and their regenerative powers to treat wrinkles, firm sagging skin and fill in sunken eyes.
Under eye bags can be treated surgically by blepharoplasty and non surgically by laser skin tightening or RF treatments( radio frequency ). Inducing thermal damage in the deep dermis stimulates fibroblast and elastin and production of collagen.